Pruning Tips – How Does Pruning Plants Help Them Grow?
Whether you have flower beds or just plants around the house, you may need to prune them occasionally. Before pruning, research proper pruning techniques. Visit a plant nursery to learn the proper way to prune your plants. If you can’t find the exact type of plant you have, bring a branch or leaf to a garden centre to learn how to identify it. A knowledgeable gardener will be able to give you useful advice and show you how to safely prune plants.
Branches influence each other’s growth. The lower shoots and leaves of a plant struggle to grow. Removing them allows the plant to focus its energy on other parts of the plant. When pruning, cut the lower growth from its base with sharp shears. You can’t cut too close to the base of the plant. This is because the lower growth is inhibited and will compete with other branches for water and nutrients.
When pruning flowering plants, only prune the branch just before the buds appear on the new leaf. Plants that bloom on old wood will produce new buds in the spring following the pruning. In contrast, those that bloom on current-year growth should be pruned in the fall and winter. Pruning flowering plants is best done after the blooming phase. It may cause the plant to miss its next blooming period. And remember that improper pruning does not kill the plant; the only difference is that it may look odd for a year.
Thinning is another form of pruning. This process involves cutting back a full limb or shooting. It maintains apical dominance. The unscathed shoot tips promote new growth and suppress lateral bud regrowth. Thinning is an important part of plant maintenance. In addition to maintaining healthy growth, thinning reduces the size of a plant, helps light penetration, and helps shape the limb or shoot.
Proper pruning techniques depend on the species of plant. For example, pruning a hedge requires a wider base than the top of the tree so that the sunlight can reach all the branches and reduce the shading. A final cut should be made just beyond the branch collar. A final cut should be one to two inches from the top of the branch. For a hedge, avoid straight pruning because this will expose ugly lower stems. It is better to prune it after it flowers instead of before it blooms.
The time of year to prune shrubs depends on their flowering habits. If you prune them in early spring, you’ll lose the flowers for one year. Conversely, pruning a shrub in the fall will damage the plant because the new growth will not be hardened off before the winter. If you live in an area with mild winters, autumn pruning is a great time to prune shrubs. However, cold climate gardeners should limit pruning in autumn to avoid winterkill.
Although pruning can be a daunting task, it need not be stressful. As long as you cut into good material, you will minimize the chances of leaving behind a dead or diseased stub. This can cause problems in the future. You can also head back and thin out overgrown branches to control growth. A good way to do this is to cut back stubs near the soil level. In this way, you can control the growth of plants in your garden and improve their beauty.
Most shrubs are naturally graceful. While the slender-leaf varieties like the glossy abelia and cleyera respond well to pruning, many others don’t. Pruning them too heavily can result in bare branches at the base. This is why it’s important to choose the right plants for your landscaping. It can make a huge difference in the appearance of your landscape and will give you a garden that everyone will love!
Spring is the best time for pruning – it’s a seasonally appropriate time to cut back new growth and remove damaged wood. You can also pinch back new growth, shear conifer hedges, and remove suckers and thin water sprouts. In late summer, you can prune deciduous plants. For evergreens, you should basal-prune them. Throughout the year, pruning fruit trees will thin out the canopy and increase the chances of them bearing larger healthier fruit.
The depth of the cuts determines the vigour of the new growth. The deeper you cut a shoot, the stronger the new growth will be. Remember that the plant is trying to balance its root system by regrowing its top. But this process has its drawbacks. In addition to causing damage, it can extend the vegetative stage. It may not produce fruit as well as it could have. The results are not as attractive as you’d hoped.